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Ijma

Consensus in Islamic law.
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The Arabic word ijma is normally translated as 'consensus,' or agreement. It makes up one of the four 'sources' of Islamic law. Throughout the history of Islamic law consensus on different matters have enabled Muslim populations to produce new legal rulings and judgements and keep them in place even during troubled times.

Historically, ijma has played a crucial role in maintaining unity among Muslim communities around questions of faith.

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